Terms A-Z

This glossary contains definitions of the terms from the topic areas Education, Science, Research and Innovation, and is regularly updated. The glossary terms are alphabetically ordered.

Double Abitur graduation classes / G8

Since 2007 the Länder step-by-step have reduced the number of school years necessary to get the Abitur from 13 to 12 (G8), ... with the exception of Rhineland-Palatinate. Between 2011 and 2013 this affects Lower Saxony, Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Hesse and North Rhine-Westphalia. In order to maintain comparability to the previous years, concerned data are adjusted to this (for example at quota calculations).