Terms A-Z

This glossary contains definitions of the terms from the topic areas Education, Science, Research and Innovation, and is regularly updated. The glossary terms are alphabetically ordered.

Private non-profit institutions (PNP sector)

In national reporting, this sector includes non-profit organizations mainly financed by government (e.g. the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres (HGF), the Max Planck Society (MPG) or the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft (FhG)) and private non-profit organizations financed neither mainly by the government nor mainly by the private sector and not primarily serving business enterprises.