Notes:
1) According to the ISCED classification: International Standard Classification for Education 2011. For older data according to ISCED 1997 see table 2.1.6 and archive tables 2.1.7/2.1.12.
2) Partially including some expenditure on child care.
3) As of 2017: expenditure on all children aged 3 to 5 excludes expenditure and enrolment in ISCED 01 programmes.
4) The year specifications may differ from the years of reference. For a detailed specification see source.
5) Partially public institutions only (see source).
6) Partially public sources only.
7) As of 2016: data on financing do not cover all Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) services.
8) As of year of reference 2016: Data on financing do not cover all Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) services.
9) For a precise allocation of which states were included in the calculation of the OECD average in the individual reporting years, see the respective edition of "Education at a Glance".
10) Average of the states of the European Union in the OECD (for an exact allocation see source). 2012: EU21 average; 2013 to 2015: EU22 average; 2016 to 2017: EU23 average; as of 2018: EU22 after the United Kingdom left the EU.

a = data not applicable because category does not apply.
m = data not available.
y = data included in other category or column of the table.

Last update: October 19, 2021

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