1) According to the ISCED classification: International Standard Classification for Education 2011. For older data according to ISCED 1997 see table 2.1.6 and archive tables 2.1.7/2.1.12.
2) Partially including some expenditure on child care.
3) Year of reference 2017: Expenditure on all children aged 3 to 5 excludes expenditure and enrolment in ISCED 01 programmes.
4) The year specifications may differ from the years of reference. For a detailed specification see source.
5) Partially public institutions only (see source).
6) Partially public sources only.
7) Year of reference 2016: Expenditure on all children aged 3 to 5 are underestimated due to the estimation method used.
8) As of year of reference 2016: Data on financing do not cover all Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) services.
9) The categories OECD/EU23 average represent those countries that were members of the OECD/EU in the respective year of reference.
10) Year of reference 2012: EU21 average. Years of reference 2013 to 2015: EU22 average.

a = data not applicable because category does not apply.
m = data not available.
y = data included in other category or column of the table.

Last update: September 29, 2020

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