1) 2016 data excludes short-cycle tertiary graduates.
2) The year specifications may differ from the years of reference. For a detailed specification see source.
3) Until 2017, excludes doctoral graduates.
4) The categories OECD/EU23 average represent those countries that were members of the OECD/EU in the respective year of reference.
5) Until 2016: EU22 average.

m = data not available.
y = data included in other category.

Last update: September 2020

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution non-commercial 1.0.