Notes:
1) Until 2017, excludes doctoral graduates.
2) Average of the 22 states of the European Union in the OECD after the United Kingdom left the EU. The data were calculated back for the entire time series.

m = data not available.

Last update: October 5, 2021

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution non-commercial 1.0.
(https://www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-nc-1-0)