Source: ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research - Mannheim Innovation Panel, special evaluation
This table also appears in the Federal Report on Research and Innovation as Table 20.

1) 2020 and 2021 data based on expectations/projected figures by the enterprises made in spring/summer 2020. All data are projected on the population of enterprises with 5 or more employees. 2018 to 2020 data revised with respect to last year's report. Possible rounding differences.
2) Classification of Economic Activities - 2008 edition (based on NACE 2008 - Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne).

Last update: February 17, 2021

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution 2.0.