Source: ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research - Mannheim Innovation Panel, special evaluation
This table also appears in the Federal Report on Research and Innovation as Table 20.

1) 2022 and 2023 data based on expectations/projected figures by the enterprises made in spring/summer 2022. All data are projected on the population of enterprises with five or more employees. 2021 and 2022 data revised with respect to last year's report. Possible rounding differences.
2) Classification of Economic Activities - 2008 edition (based on NACE 2008 - Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne).

Last update: January 24, 2023

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution 2.0.