Source: Centre for European Economic Research - Mannheim Innovation Panel, special evaluation
This table also appears in the Federal Report on Research and Innovation as Table 42.

1) Innovation intensity: the ratio of innovation expenditure to turnover. 2017 data provisional. All data are projected on the population of enterprises with 5 or more employees. 2016 data revised with respect to last year's report.
2) Classification of Economic Activities - 2008 edition (based on NACE 2008 - Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne).

Last update: February 2019

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution 2.0.