1) Process innovation rate: the share of all enterprises that implement process innovations. As of 2018, data are not comparable to previous years' data due to changes in the definition and measurement of innovations (according to the Oslo Manual, 4th edition). Data from 2019 onwards are only partially comparable with data up to 2018, as the reporting scope of the innovation survey increased due to a definition change in the corporate register (definition of employee size classes is based on employees instead of employees subject to social insurance, which has increased the number of companies with 5 or more employees). All data are projected on the population of enterprises with 5 or more employees.
2) Classification of Economic Activities - 2008 edition (based on NACE 2008 - Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne).

Last update: January 24, 2023

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution 2.0.