Source: Federal Statistical Office, special evaluation

1) Includes personnel (FTE) which can not be distributed to Länder.
2) Survey reference day for each year is 30 June (ACTUAL). Personnel allocation to fields of sciences according to the structure of expenditure of the respective institution. As of 2015, changes of the classification of scientific branches and fields: engineering includes informatics.

- = no figures or magnitude zero.
m = data not available.
z = value not stated for reasons of confidentiality, but included in the total.

Last update: January 27, 2023

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