Source: Stifterverband Wissenschaftsstatistik, special evaluation
This table also appears in the Federal Report on Research and Innovation as Table 22.

1) Not including institutions for cooperative industrial research and experimental development.
2) Employees and turnover of enterprises with internal and/or external R&D expenditure.
3) Classification of economic activities, 2008 edition (based on NACE 2008 - Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne).

Last update: July 2019

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