Source: Stifterverband Wissenschaftsstatistik, special evaluation

Notes:
1) Including institutions for cooperative industrial research and experimental development.
2) Employees and turnover of enterprises with internal and/or external R&D expenditure.
3) Classification of economic activities, 2008 edition (based on NACE 2008 - Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne).

Last update: March 9, 2022

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