Source: Federal Ministry of Education and Research, special evaluation

1) Possible rounding differences.
2) 2009 to 2011, including investment and redemption fund excluding allocations to the Länder (economic stimulus package - Konjunkturpaket II). As of 2011, including "Energy and climate fund". As of 2012, research funding in the area of electro mobility is financed by the "Energy and climate fund". 2016, including future investments.
3) Including expenditures for contracts in the framework of ministerial and defence-related R&D.
4) Breakdown pursuant to Classification of Economic Activities - 2008 edition (based on NACE 2008 - Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne).
5) Including research and development in business enterprise institutions.
6) Differences with regard to the figures in table 1.1.8 may be due to rounding.

Last update: September 9, 2021

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