Source: Federal Ministry of Education and Research, special evaluation
This table also appears in the Federal Report on Research and Innovation as Table 8.

1) Discrepancies with regard to earlier publications are due to subsequent changes in the allocation to R&D or rather due to subsequent changes of assignments to recipient groups. Possible rounding differences.
2) 2009 to 2011, including investment and redemption fund excluding allocations to the Länder (economic stimulus package - Konjunkturpaket II). As of 2011, including "Energy and climate fund". As of 2012, research funding in the area of electro mobility is financed by the "Energy and climate fund". 2016, including future investments.
3) Including Federal Armed Forces universities.
4) Not including basic funding for DFG and funding for collaborative research centres.
5) Not including funding of international organisations abroad.
6) Including basic funding for DFG and funding for collaborative research centres. Not including funding for WGL. According to their categorisation they are assigned to "other non-profit science organisations" or "Länder institutions with research and development tasks".
7) Including funding to promote contract research; differentiation in keeping with the classification of economic activities; not including funding for business enterprises abroad.

Last update: June 22, 2022

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution 2.0.