Source: Federal Ministry of Education and Research, special evaluation
This table also appears in the Federal Report on Research and Innovation as Table 5.

1) According to the Federal Government's planning system 2009. Expenditure was implemented in accordance with the Federal Government's planning system 2009. Expenditure of non-university research organisations are distributed among funding areas and funding priorities. Discrepancies with regard to earlier publications are due to subsequent changes of assignments to funding areas and funding priorities or rather due to subsequent changes in the allocation to R&D. Possible rounding differences.
2) 2009 to 2011, including investment and redemption fund excluding allocations to the Länder (economic stimulus package  Konjunkturpaket II). As of 2011, including "Energy and climate fund". As of 2012, research funding in the area of electro mobility is financed by the "Energy and climate fund". 2016, including future investments.
3) Including universities of the federal armed forces and the Federal University of Applied Administrative Sciences.
4) ACTUAL figures are needed to break down the BMBF's total expenditure reduction by funding areas and funding priorities.

- = no figures or magnitude zero.

Last update: May 15, 2023

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