Source: Federal Ministry of Education and Research, special evaluation
This table also appears in the Federal Report on Research and Innovation as Table 4.

1) Possible deviations from earlier publications are due to subsequent changes in the allocation to R&D.
2) The departments' scopes of responsibilities and their names correspond to the organisational division of the 20th legislative period's Federal Government. To ensure comparability between individual years, expenditures were retrospectively adjusted or implemented to reflect the current organizational division when there were changes in the allocation of responsibilities between government departments. Possible rounding differences.
3) Including expenditures of the Federal Government's Commissioner for Cultural and Media Affairs.
4) Including payments for universities, and for projects at industry-sector research institutions, in connection with German reunification (1991 and 1995). As of 2008, abolition of payments to the Volkswagen Foundation. 2009 to 2011, including investment and redemption fund excluding allocations to the Länder (economic stimulus package - Konjunkturpaket II). As of 2011, including "Energy and climate fund". As of 2012, research funding in the area of electro mobility is financed by the "Energy and climate fund". 2016, including future investments.

Last update: May 10, 2023

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution 2.0.