1) According to the ISCED classification: International Standard Classification for Education 2011.
2) NEET refers to young people neither employed nor in education or training but following non-formal studies. For more details see source.
3) The year specifications may differ from the years of reference. For a detailed specification see source.
4) The categories OECD/EU23 average represent those countries that were members of the OECD/EU in the respective year of reference.
5) Until 2017: EU22 average.

a = data not applicable because category does not apply.
c = too few observations to provide reliable estimates. The calculation of the Länder averages includes those figures.
m = data not available.
y = data included in other category.

Last update: November 2020

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution non-commercial 1.0.