Source: ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research - Mannheim Innovation Panel, special evaluation
This table also appears in the Federal Report on Research and Innovation as Table 20.

Notes:
1) Innovation rate: the share of all enterprises that implement product or process innovations. 2018 data are not comparable to previous years due to changes in the definition and measurement of innovations (according to the Oslo Manual, 4th edition). Values for 2019 can only be compared to the previous year to a limited extent, as the reporting group for the Innovation Survey has increased due to a change in the definition in the business register (definition of employee size classes is based on employees instead of employees subject to social insurance, which has increased the number of companies with 5 or more employees). All data are projected on the population of enterprises with 5 or more employees.
2) Classification of Economic Activities - 2008 edition (based on NACE 2008 - Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne).

Last update: February 17, 2021

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