Source: Centre for European Economic Research - Mannheim Innovation Panel, special evaluation
This table also appears in the Federal Report on Research and Innovation as Table 20.

1) Innovation rate: the share of all enterprises that implement product or process innovations. 2018 data are not comparable to previous years due to changes in the definition and measurement of innovations (according to the Oslo Manual, 4th edition). All data are projected on the population of enterprises with 5 or more employees. 2017 data revised with respect to last year's report.
2) Classification of Economic Activities - 2008 edition (based on NACE 2008 - Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne).

Last update: January 2020

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution 2.0.