Source: Federal Ministry of Education and Research, special evaluation
This table also appears in the Federal Report on Research and Innovation as Table 7.

1) Possible deviations from earlier publications due to subsequent changes in the allocation to R&D or subsequent changes in the allocation to the types of funding are possible. Possible rounding differences.
2) 2009 to 2011, including investment and redemption fund excluding allocations to the Länder (economic stimulus package - Konjunkturpaket II). 2011 to 2022, including "Energy and climate fund"; as of 2023, including "Climate and transformation fund". 2016, including future investments.
3) Target expenditure 2023 including "Climate and transformation fund" but excluding other funds from section 60 "General financial management" - chapter 6002 "General appropriations". These are collected retrospectively. Without the supplementary budget of 28 December 2023.
4) Including expenditure on orders for departmental and defence research and development. From 2001 to 2006, including further development of universities and science as well as the realisation of equal opportunities for women in research and education. Excluding basic funding of federal institutions with research and development tasks.
5) Excluding tax measures (grants, special depreciations).
6) Including Land-owned institutions with research and development tasks that are jointly funded by the federal and Länder governments.
7) Including universities of the federal armed forces and the Federal University of Applied Administrative Sciences.
8) Located in Germany and abroad.
9) ACTUAL figures are needed to break down the BMBF's global reduced expenditure by types of funding.
10) The departments' scopes of responsibilities and their names correspond to the organisational division of the 20th legislative period's Federal Government. To ensure comparability between individual years, expenditures were retrospectively adjusted or implemented to reflect the current organizational division when there were changes in the allocation of responsibilities between government departments.

- = no figures or magnitude zero.

Last update: January 4, 2024

This work is licensed under a Data licence Germany attribution 2.0.