Education provides prospects for personal careers of each and every individual as well as for the future and prosperity of our society.
Education provides prospects for personal careers of each and every individual as well as for the future and prosperity of our society. The challenges of demographic change and of a looming skills shortage can only be addressed if everyone in Germany is given an opportunity for sound education and the best possible support in developing his or her talent – irrespective of background and material resources. This requires the cooperation of all decision-makers. Since 2008, the Federal Government and the Länder have been committed to greater equity in education, better performance and improved transfer opportunities in the education system as part of the Qualification Initiative for Germany.
The joint efforts are paying off, as is shown in the following examples: The provision of care for children under the age of three has improved considerably. Since 2008, the number of school-leavers with general higher education entrance qualifications has been growing and is now well over 50%, while the number of those without a secondary general school-leaving certificate is steadily falling. More than one in two young people in an age bracket takes up higher education studies. Participation in continuing education and training reached a record level of 51% in 2014. Education expenditure rose from approximately 176 billion euros in 2010 to approximately 195 billion euros in 2015.
The refugee influx, in particular in 2016, is confronting the education system with new challenges. Integration through education will become a priority in the years to come because integration cannot function without education. The Federal Education Ministry is supporting the integration of refugees under two major packets of measures – ranging from learning German to taking up training or higher education.